Acne is a common skin condition. It is caused by inflammation of the hair follicles and oil-producing (sebaceous) glands of the skin.

Hair follicles are the tiny structures that grow hair in the scalp. Sebaceous glands produce sebum. On areas where acne develops, sebaceous glands surround the hair follicles. The combination of the sebaceous glands and the hair follicles is the “pilosebaceous unit,” where acne pimples and cysts develop. Sebum moisturizes hair and skin. Each hair pushes up through the skin surface along with sebum.

Acne often begins during puberty. It occurs when sebaceous glands in the skin are over-stimulated to produce sebum and skin cells are not shed normally. These sticky cells block the skin’s hair follicles, trapping the sebum.

The blocked, oil-filled follicle then causes the bacteria normally in the hair follicles to multiply. This leads to inflammation, redness and pimples (pustules).

How is Acne treated?

Treatment is tailored to address all of the stages and often consist of a combination of more than one treatment option. Different treatments target different stages responsible to acne development.

Some treatments simply aim at reducing the amount of oil being produced by the oil gland. Some treatments target the bacteria responsible for causing acne. Some treatments target the hormones responsible for making too much oil in the skin leading to inflammation and acne. Some treatments shrink or destroy the glands responsible for producing oil which clogs and inflames the skin. 

What are some of the current available treatments on the market?

Acne vulgaris treatments consist of many local and systemic treatments and they vary from every day use of topical therapy, to monthly use of facials to occasional touch ups with laser treatments.

The variety of treatments includes: skin cleansers like HydraFacial, salicylic acid, azelaic acid, benzoyl peroxide, topical antibiotics, retinoids, oral contraceptives, corticosteroids, LED phototherapy and of course lasers.

How can Wellness Med Art help?

If you’re looking for a facial that can diminish the appearance of acne and acne scars, you have a long list of options to choose from. One of the best options available for acne treatment is the HydraFacial. It’s a very popular treatment and has several cosmetic benefits to offer. It can be especially helpful for individuals who have acne scars and can work for all types of skin.

This acne treatment targets hyperpigmentation, wrinkles, fine lines and congested pores. It shouldn’t take longer than 30 minutes and has the potential to significantly reduce the appearance of acne and acne scars.